Ideal Physical Activities for Senior Population
As you grow old you are going to experience a gradual change in your physical capabilities because of the slow but constant decline in your body physiological capacity especially after you hit your 50th birthday, when this happens you will experience challenges in completing tasks you previously completed seamlessly because of loss of physical abilities associated with aging. It is impossible to stop aging, what we can do is to slow the physiological effects associated with aging by participating in regular physical activities, it is good to note when you are designing exercise regimen for senior populations, that is people 70 years and above customize the program to individual needs because this group is categorized as a high-risk group and some physical activities may be contradicted for seniors. A good number of seniors need activities that will help them improve basic daily activities such as dressing, bathing, and eating it is possible to improve these functions with customized exercises, this article outlines some of the physical activities you can use to help address these challenges.
The senior population face challenges in doing simple tasks of daily living (ADL) like feeding, dressing, bathing as well as instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as cooking, shopping, and other home chores, because of aging-related chronic conditions like arthritis that significantly affect their flexibility, decreased muscle mass making it challenging for this group to withstand physical exertions for a considerable amount of time, heart conditions that put them on cardiac arrest risk among other things that make it hard to engage them in a regular exercise program. Designing physical activities that improve flexibility and fine motor skills of this group can help them improve their ADL and IADL, some of the lost functionalities are from small muscle groups, and therefore focusing on exercises targeting such muscles can greatly boost their ADL.
One of the ideal exercises senior group can benefit from are aerobics, low to moderate intensity aerobics can improve the cardiovascular system of this population, some of the recommended aerobic activities include walking, hydrodynamics exercises, swimming and cycling it is good to regularly monitor this group when exercising and assess their physiological changes such as heart rate, blood pressure and rating of perceived exertion, this is important to ensure they are exercising within recommended intensity for their safety, where applicable collect the exercise data which you can use to design an improved exercise regimen to ensure progress in their exercise routine which are safe and reliable.
Senior population is also at high risk of experiencing deteriorated and irreversible brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s this condition can also be slowed by keeping the seniors active with ADL and IADL such as walking, cooking, and dancing. You can use highlighted exercises to design a good exercise program for the senior population.
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